Friday, August 10, 2018

Difference Between var and let

let gives you the privilege to declare variables that are limited in scope to the block, statement of expression unlike var.

var is rather a keyword which defines a variable globally regardless of block scope.

Global window object
Even if the let variable is defined as same as var variable globally, the let variable will not be added to the global window object.

See the example below -

var varVariable = “this is a var variable”;
let letVariable = “this is a let variable”;
Say, here we have two variables declared. let us see what output it actually gives you.

console.log(window.varVariable); //this is a var variable
console.log(window.letVariable); //undefined
Thus let variables cannot be accessed in the window object because they cannot be globally accessed.

Block
let variables are usually used when there is a limited use of those variables. Say, in for loops, while loops or inside the scope of if conditions etc. Basically, where ever the scope of the variable has to be limited.

For example: -

For loop using let variable: -

for(let i=0;i<10 font="" i="">
console.log(i); //i is visible thus is logged in the console as 0,1,2,....,9
}
console.log(i); //throws an error as "i is not defined" because i is not visible
For loop using var variable: -

for(var i=0; i<10 font="" i="">
console.log(i); //i is visible thus is logged in the console as 0,1,2,....,9
}
console.log(i); //i is visible here too. thus is logged as 10.
Thus, as you can see the var variable is logged as 10 outside of the for loop too.

Note: It logged it as 10 because the for loop terminates after checking the incremented value of i.
Redeclaration
let variables cannot be re-declared while var variable can be re-declared in the same scope.

Assume we are using strict mode

'use strict';
var temp = "this is a temp variable";
var temp = "this is a second temp variable"; //replaced easily
We cannot do the same thing with let-

'use strict';
let temp = "this is a temp variable";
let temp = "this is a second temp variable" //SyntaxError: temp is already declared
Function
let and var variables work the same way when used in a function block.

function aSampleFunction(){
let letVariable = "Hey! What's up? I am let variable.";
var varVariable = "Hey! How are you? I am var variable.";
console.log(letVariable); //Hey! What's up? I am let variable.
console.log(varVariable); //Hey! How are you? I am var variable.
}
With the above explanation, I can surely tell that now you have total idea about the difference about let and var variables.

Source : https://codeburst.io/difference-between-let-and-var-in-javascript-537410b2d707

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